Systems Program Overview

Recent studies conclude that the path to decarbonization of the world’s energy streams is through massive electrification - including transportation and home energy devices. In turn, electricity production needs to move from a primarily fossil resource to carbon-free ones, with a large penetration of renewables. To allow this shift, the grid needs to be modified in its most basic operating priciple - from that of generation following load, to a mode where load and generation cooperte with each other through automated controls, with storage serving to decouple the two when necessary. CEET is trying to position its systems research at the heart of this revolution - the power distribution infrastructure. For a number of technological, economic and societal reasons, there is reason to believe that energy systems will become more distributed (e.g. small rooftop PV, electric vehicles) and more autonomously controlled, seeking to maximize some local goal while at the same time contributing to the smooth functioning of the system. Research at the systems level therefore includes elements of control theory, as well as simulation of collective system behavior and experimental verification. Research parters include the utility industry, device manufacturers and energy service providers, reflecting the stakeholders in this emerging sector of the economy.